Taxation of ‘ AIF ‘ non-charitable trusts in the hand of trustees

CBDT clarify that if the trust deed does not specify the name of investors and their beneficial interest, then entire income of the Alternative Investment Funds shall become liable to be taxed at the Maximum Marginal Rate of income -tax in the hands of the trustees of such AIF’s in their capacity as ‘Representative Assessee’.

It is also clarified that in such cases, No assessment of same income shall be conduct in the hands of investor by invoking section 166, since the corresponding income has already been taxed in the hands of the ‘Representative Assessee’ under section 164(1) of the Act.


Circular no. 13/2014

Dated 28th of July 2014

Subject: – Clarification regarding taxation of ‘Alternative Investment Funds ‘having status of non-charitable trusts under the Income –tax Act, 1961-regarding. 

 1.The SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations,2012 (‘AIF Regulations’)vide Regulation No.4 issued in May 2012 aims at regulating all forms of private pool of funds in India. The said Regulation divide the Alternative Investment Fund (‘AIF’) into three broad categories – Category-1, Category –II and Category –III Alternative Investment Funds , depending upon the operational strategies , objectives and fund structure. A large number of AIFs registered with SEBI have been set up in the form of non-charitable trust.

2.While the AIFs, being Venture Capital Funds, making investments in the Venture Capital Undertaking have been accorded ‘tax pass through ‘status under section 10(23FB) read with section 115U of the Income tax Act,1961(‘Act’) (whereby income arising in the hands of such Fund would be treated as tax-exempt ,while investors of such funds would become liable to tax liability on as if the investors have made the investment directly in the Venture Capital Undertaking),clarification has been sought about tax –treatment in cases of AIFs being non-charitable trusts where the investors name and beneficial interest are not explicitly known on the date of its creation – such information becoming available only when the funds starts accepting contributions from the investors.

3.Board has been requested to clarify whether the income of such funds would be taxable in the hands of the Trustee of the AIF in the capacity of a ‘Representative Assessee’(as defined u/s 160(i)(iv) of the Act) or in the hands of investors (i.e., contributors of funds).

4.The matter has been examined. In the situation where the trust deed either does not name the investors or does not specify their beneficial interest, provision of sub- section (1) of section 164 would come into play and the entire income of the Funds shall become liable to be taxed at the  Maximum Marginal Rate of income -tax in the hands of the trustees of such AIFs in their capacity as ‘Representative Assessee’. It is also clarified that in such cases, provisions of section 166 of the Act need not be invoked in the hands of investor, as corresponding income has already been taxed in the hands of the ‘Representative Assessee’ in accordance with sub-section (1) of section 164 of the Act.

5. However, in cases of funds where names of the beneficiaries and their interest in the Funds are determined i.e. stated in the trust deed , the tax on whole of the income of the Fund – consisting of or including profits and gains of business, would be leviable upon the Trustee of such AIF, being ‘Representative Assessee’ at the Maximum Marginal Rate in accordance with sub-section (1A) of section 161 of the  Act.

 6.      The clarification given above shall not be operative in the area falling in the jurisdiction of a High Court which has taken or takes a contrary decision on the issue.

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